The History Of Carpentry
Over the ages, carpentry has emerged as a critical, highly essential trade that has been used to produce everything from sculptures to architecture. The history of carpentry dates back to 4,000 B.C, where the first signs of carpentry appeared in the Stone Age, when early humans created stone tools to shape wood. Carpentry then was later developed by the Egyptians into copper tools which they used to build furniture.
As the early man developed his woodworking skills, he developed his skill to kill animals for food, clear land with his axe, build boats, buildings, and furniture. This evolution slowly led to the growth of carpentry, and in no time, it even became a necessary process that led to the advancement of civilisations.
Egyptians were said to be the first to varnish their woodwork. However, to date, no one knows the actual compositions of these varnishes. Varnishing or Finishing refers to the art of placing a protective sealant on wood materials to preserve them for a longer time.
They built their furniture and other artefacts out of a variety of woods. Native acacias, local sycamore, and tamarisk trees provided the timber that they required. They even began importing cedar, Aleppo pine, boxwood, and oak from different parts of the Middle East as deforestation began in the Nile Valley around the Second Dynasty.
The word “carpenter” is the English rendering of the Old French word Carpentier which is derived from the Latin phrase carpentarius,“(maker) of a carriage.”
In the UK, carpentry can be defined as the ability to repair timber objects such as roofs, floors, and timber-framed houses, i.e. certain areas of construction that are usually concealed in a finished building. The easiest way to visualise this is to think of the first fix work as the last thing completed before plastering.
Once the plastering is complete, the second repair is initiated. The second fix work mainly includes the construction of products such as skirting boards, architraves, doors, and windows; however, in most cases, the joinery includes the off-site manufacturing and pre-finishing of the items. Carpentry is also used to design the formwork into which concrete is poured simultaneously as the building of structures takes place.
Did you know that America’s founding was partly based on a desire to extract resources from the new continent, including wood for use in ships and buildings in Europe? In the 18th century, a significant part of the Industrial Revolution was the invention of the steam engine and cut nails. These technologies combined with the creation of the circular saw became a total game-changer that eventually led to balloon framing, which, unfortunately, was the beginning of the decline of traditional timber framing.
The 19th century also saw the development of electrical engineering and distribution, which paved the way for developing hand-held power tools and machines to mass-produce screws. In the 20th century, cement came into everyday use, and concrete foundations allowed carpenters to do away with immensely heavy timber sills. This is when drywall, also called plasterboard, came into regular use, replacing lime plaster on wooden lath. During this time, carpenters started using Plywood, engineered lumber, and chemically treated lumber as well.
It is observed that the early 1880s brought change to the carpentry trade. The number of large building employers rose, right when people increasingly used contractors to coordinate and supervise construction. It was becoming over complicated for the average carpenter to become an independent master. In 1886, 340,000 workers demonstrated to get shorter work hours. Strikes continued for several years, after which commercial carpenters saw a tremendous change in wages, hours, benefits, and more. With the advancement of technology, more advanced tools came out, including the early power tools. This enabled commercial carpenters to now get their jobs done much faster and with less work.
Today, we often require commercial carpenters to help construct all kinds of buildings. Staircases, floors, cement moulds are some of the responsibilities of commercial carpenters. However, today we now have multiple machines to help us out. Luckily wood can be even be purchased pre-cut in various sizes and with an abundance of customisation options.
We sure have brushed upon a bit of history, but in case that’s not enough, and you seem to have several needs when it comes to your home- to be fulfilled, Vetted Trades in Bromley would be the answer to all your home needs right from floor laminating to providing fitted bedrooms.
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